Did you know that the heat from the sun causes weather on Earth?

As some areas of the Earth warm, the air rises and colder air is drawn in beneath it, causing winds. These winds move air around the world. When there is a large amount of water vapour in the air, it causes precipitation such as rain, hail and snow. Find out more about our amazing weather with the resources below.

Teach your children about the weather using our handy topic guide!

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The Weather Pack

Weather Knowledge Organiser

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Weather Facts

  • The coldest temperature so far recorded on Earth is -97.8 degrees Celcius (-144 degrees Fahrenheit) which was recorded in the middle of Antarctica in 2018. It was measured using satellites as it is far too cold for a human being to visit.
  • Every day, about 100 lightning bolts strike the earth’s surface. That’s 8 million strikes a day!
  • It is possible to tell the temperature by counting the number of chirps a cricket makes in 25 seconds. Divide the number by three, then add four to get the temperature in degrees Celsius
  • On Sunday the 6th of August, 2000, it rained fish in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England. Unusual weather conditions can cause fish to be scooped up from water and carried a few miles in rain clouds.
  • People who forecast the weather are known as meteorologists. They use computer models, based on data that has been collected from a range of different sources, to predict what the weather will be like.


What’s the difference between weather and climate?

A brief explanation of the difference between climate and weather, and explains how satellites monitor the weather on Earth.

Running time: 2:00

How a Weather Forecast is Made

This animation shows all the work that goes into producing a weather forecast.

Running time: 1:06

How are Snowflakes Made?

Maddie Moate explains how snowflakes form, using Lego.

Running time: 5:39

What causes Thunder and Lightning?

The science behind thunder and lightning explained.

Running time: 3:37

How Do Hurricanes form?

A clear explanation of how hurricanes occur.

Running time: 2:22


Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs

The tiny town of Chewandswallow was very much like any other tiny town, except for its weather, which came three times a day; at breakfast, lunch, and dinner!

Hide and Seek Fog

Children play hide and seek in the fog of a seaside town.

Bringing the Rain to Kapiti Plain

A traditional tale from Kenya: a young herd boy Ki-pat must find a way to end the dreadful drought that has come to the beautiful Kapiti Plain and save the animals that live there.

Come On, Rain!

Come on, rain! Tess pleads to the sky as listless vines and parched plants droop in the endless heat.

Shark in the Park on a Windy Day!

Timothy Pope is blown this way and that way in the windy park – but among the whistling wind and blustering brollies could that be a shark he spies through his telescope?

Extreme Weather

Explore the world of crazy weather in this illustrated guide.

See Inside Weather & Climate

A lift-the-flap information book that introduces readers to the science of weather.

Weather and the Seasons

A lovely book for younger children to explore the topic.

The Cloud Book

In this unique picture book, Tomie introduces some of the most common types of clouds, as well as the myths and legends inspired by their shapes. Simple, whimsical illustrations show the variations in shape and colour that herald changes in the weather.

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