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Mountains Topic Guide

Mountains are breathtaking and dramatic natural features, which form due to the action of tectonic plates over millions of years. They rise up higher than the land around them, and are often found as part of a mountain range.

The very highest point of a mountain is known as the summit, or the peak. Mountains are popular places to visit and take part in leisure activities, such as climbing or skiing, but they can also be very dangerous.

Teach your children about mountains using our handy topic guide!

Choose a section:
Teaching Ideas | Resources | Facts | Videos | Books | Links

Teaching Ideas

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Resources

The Mountains Pack

Mountains Facts

  • There is no globally agreed height at which a land form becomes a mountain.
  • Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on land, but Mauna Kea in Hawaii is taller if measured from its base at the bottom of the ocean.
  • Japanese mountaineer, Junko Tabei, was the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest and the first woman to climb the highest peak on every continent (known as the Seven Summits).
  • The Appalachian Mountains in America, Little Atlas Mountains of Morocco and the Scottish Highlands are all part of the same ancient mountain range, the Central Pangean Mountains formation.
  • About 12% of the world’s human population live in mountain areas.

Videos

Mountains, Volcanoes and Earthquakes

This video gives a thorough overview of plate tectonics.

Running time: 11:20

Make Your Own Mountains

A simple way to demonstrate how mountains are formed.

Running time: 3:31

What is a Mountain?

This video introduces the different types of mountain and how they are formed.

Running time: 1:54

Trek the mountains of Khumbu

This amazing video is a virtual visit to the people and mountains of Nepal.

Running time: 1:48

Mountains and Electricity

This programme for younger viewers includes a visit to a power station inside a mountain.

Running time: 9:44

Books

King of the Cloud Forests

A thrilling adventure set in the Himalayas, for older primary children.

Manjhi Moves a Mountain

The true story of how one man cut a path through a mountain.

Fire on the Mountain

A traditional tale from Ethiopia.

When the Mountains Roared

Set in the mountains of India, this is the story of Ruby and how she protects the endangered leopards.

Mountains of the World

This beautiful book is full of facts about mountains.

I Wonder Why Mountains Have Snow on Top

Find the answers to your mountain questions in this book.

Life Cycles: Mountain

Explore the life cycles of animals that live in the mountains.

Are you teaching your children about other topics? Explore our full collection of guides!

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