Plants and animals live together in habitats. A habitat contains all of the things they need to survive; food, water, shelter and space. Within the habitat, the living things depend on each other; for example, a bird needs a tree for a place to build a nest.

When a change is made to a habitat, it can affect all of the living things that live there.

Teach your children about habitats using our handy topic guide!

Choose a section:
Teaching Ideas | Resources | Facts | Videos | Books | Links

Teaching Ideas



  • Download our popular Habitats Pack, with a teaching guide and lots of resources.

The Habitats Pack

Habitats Facts

  • A habitat is any environment where plants and animals live.
  • There are lots of different habitats on earth. A micro-habitat can be as small as the area under a stone or a rock pool.
  • Symbiosis is what happens when two organisms in a habitat benefit each other. For example, an anemone protects a clownfish from predators with its tentacles, while the clownfish protects the anemone from other fish.
  • A food chain or food web shows how plants and animals get their energy.
  • Animals and plants are adapted to live in their habitat. For example, an arctic fox has white fur to blend into the snowy landscape.


What is a habitat?

Learn about how a habitat provides the basic needs for all living things and how plants and animals depend on each other.

Running time: 5:45

How animals adapt to their environment

Find out how Abdul the camel is adapted to his environment.

Running time: 2:44

Habitats Song

Learn about different habitats with this fun song.

Running time: 3:30


The Animals of Farthing Wood

In this classic children’s book, the animals of Farthing Wood have to find a new home when the wood is bulldozed.

Tarka the Otter

See the habitat of the Devon countryside through the eyes of an otter in this much loved book.

One World

A brother and sister explore the life in a rock poll, and begin to understand how pollution affects the planet.

Bee and Me

When a little girl traps a bee, they go on an adventure to learn about the bee’s role in nature, in this stunning wordless book.

The Wilderness War

When their wilderness is sold for development, a group of friends go to war to save it.

Habitats and Food Chains

Explore habitats and food chains around the world.


Improve your scientific skills and your understanding of habitats with this book.

Into The Forest

Explore the rich and varied forest habitat with this book from the Woodland Trust.

How to Help a Hedgehog and Protect a Polar Bear

Explore the rich and varied forest habitat.

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