Division is one of the four maths operations that we use every day. When we use division, we break up a number or an amount into equal parts.
Sometimes a division calculation does not give a whole number answer. In this case, we can either give a remainder (how many are left over, that cannot be put into equal groups) or use a fraction or a decimal to share the remainder out. For example 5÷2=2r1=2.5=2½.
Teach your children about division using our handy topic guide!
- Encourage your children to use their times tables knowledge when dividing, using this sheet that explains how to use chunking.
- When starting teaching division to younger children, use practical equipment so that they can make equal groups, such as in this example that uses pasta.
- Explore this NRICH investigation looking for patterns when dividing 3 digit numbers by a single-digit number.
- Give younger children egg cartons or trays with compartments to share out small objects.
- Give children printed games to practise their division facts.
- Download our Division Pack for activities and resources.
- Use these Division Tables test PowerPoints to consolidate division facts.
- This Division Vocabulary Poster is a great classroom prompt.
- Use our Division Banner on your display board.
- This set of division sheets gives children lots of practice at division calculations.
- Visit NCETM for materials to teach division.
- Division is the inverse of multiplication. If you know 6×2=3, you also know that 6÷3=2, for example.
- The proper name for a division sign ÷ is an obelus.
- Sometimes the / symbol is used to mean divide, so 6/2=6÷2.
- The word divide comes from the Latin word dividere, meaning to force apart.
KS2 – Long Division
This video gives a very clear demonstration of the long division method.
Running time: 5:43
Year 1 Division by sharing
A super short video showing how to divide by sharing.
Running time: 1:29
Dividing using repeated subtraction
Who can help Mrs Barker divide treats between her dogs?
Running time: 3:30
Division as Grouping
This video for younger learners demonstrates how to solve division problems using grouping.
Running time: 6:31
Are you teaching your children about other topics? Explore our full collection of guides!