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World Penguin Day

April 23

|Recurring Event (See all)

An event every year that begins at 12:00 am on day 23 of April, repeating indefinitely

World Penguin Day

Penguins are flightless, aquatic birds that are only found in the Southern Hemisphere. There are 18 recognised penguin species. Ten of them are considered to be endangered. The smallest penguin is the little penguin (sometimes called the blue penguin) which lives in Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand. Little penguins reach a maximum height of about 30cm (12 inches). Antarctic Emperor penguins, on the other hand, grow to about 120cm (47 inches).

World Penguin Day is an annual event that aims to help people learn more about penguins, and the threats that they face. Threats to penguins include a loss of sea ice due to climate change, which in turn reduces the availability of krill for them to eat. Overfishing near their colonies can also make it more difficult for them to find food. In some parts of the world, introduced species have wiped out native penguins, including many colonies of little penguins. They are also affected by habitat loss, and pollution.

Teaching Ideas and Resources

  • Learn more about the life cycle of a penguin with the comprehension in our Comprehension Challenges Pack.
  • Research two species of penguin and compare their similarities and differences.
  • Mark on a map of the world where penguins can be found.
  • Make a list of ways that an emperor penguin is adapted to its environment.
  • Watch this video of rockhopper penguins struggling to reach the top of a cliff and make a list of the difficulties the penguins face.


April 23
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